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8 Causes of Pyorrhoea Disease

Explore the key factors contributing to pyorrhoea, including poor oral hygiene, tobacco use, genetic predispositions, and systemic diseases. Learn preventive measures for maintaining optimal oral health.

  • 27 Feb 2024
  • 3 min read

Taking care of your gums is vital for supporting overall oral health, and one condition that can affect them is pyorrhoea. This disease is categorised into aggressive and necrotising periodontitis. The former is common in young people and is defined by rapid and extensive gum recession and bone loss, which may cause tooth loss at an early age. The latter affects those with compromised immune systems and is accompanied by severe pain, bleeding, and infection.

To help you understand better what pyorrhoea is caused by, let’s have a clear understanding of this disease.

What are the Causes of Pyorrhoea?

Pyorrhoea is caused by the following factors:

  1. Poor oral hygiene practices: If you do not brush and floss regularly, it can lead to the accumulation of plaque. Plaque is a gummy film of bacteria on your teeth that can contribute to pyorrhoea development.
  1. Tobacco use: The risk of developing pyorrhoea is higher if you smoke or consume tobacco products. Nicotine constricts blood vessels; it limits oxygen and nutrients to the gums and fosters bacterial growth.
  1. Genetic factors: Some may be genetically vulnerable to gum diseases, including pyorrhoea. If your family has a history of gum issues, you may have a higher susceptibility.
  1. Systemic diseases: Health issues such as diabetes and cardiovascular ailments are linked to an increased risk of pyorrhoea. These systemic issues compromise the body's ability to fight infections, impacting gum health.
  1. Hormonal changes: Women may experience increased vulnerability to gum diseases during hormonal fluctuations, such as puberty, pregnancy, and menopause.
  1. Nutritional deficiencies: Insufficient consumption of essential nutrients, especially vitamin C, can jeopardise the immune system, increasing the vulnerability to gum infections such as pyorrhoea.
  1. Certain medications: Some medications, such as anti-hypertensives and antipsychotics, may contribute to a dry mouth, reducing saliva production. Saliva helps protect the gums, and its deficiency can facilitate bacterial growth.
  1. Chronic stress: High stress levels can weaken the immune system and make it challenging for your body to combat infections, including those affecting the gums.

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One of the reasons pyorrhoea occurs is the overgrowth of bacteria in your oral tissue. This can happen when you need to take care of your oral hygiene, misuse your toothbrush, face a lot of stress, or smoke regularly. You can prevent and treat pyorrhoea by maintaining good oral health and hygiene, visiting your dentist regularly, and remembering to buy health insurance policy to ensure financial readiness and stability in case of a health emergency.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this blog is for educational and informational purposes only. It is not intended as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Please consult your general physician or another certified medical professional for any questions regarding a medical condition. Relying on any information provided in this blog is solely at your own risk, and ICICI Lombard is not responsible for any effects or consequences resulting from the use of the information shared.

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