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Causes of Herniated Disk Disease

Unlock the secrets of herniated disk causes with this comprehensive guide, revealing factors like improper lifting, traumatic injuries, excess weight, genetic predisposition, prolonged sitting, and sedentary lifestyles.

  • 10 Jan 2024
  • 2 min read

A herniated disk occurs when the soft, gel-like centre of an intervertebral disc pushes out of its normal shape and bulges out between the vertebrae. This can lead to severe pain. In this article, we’ll explore what causes herniated disks.


What are the Causes of Herniated Disk Disease?

Listed below are some of the common herniated disk causes:


  • Improper lifting techniques - Using back muscles rather than those of the leg and thigh to lift heavy objects increases the risk of herniated disks.
  • Traumatic injury - While less common, blows to the back or falls that jar the spine severely can rupture a spinal disk.
  • Excess weight - Carrying extra pounds puts more pressure on the disks in the lower back, making them more likely to herniate.
  • Genetic predisposition - Some people inherit a tendency for their spinal disks to deteriorate or weaken faster.
  • Prolonged sitting - Regular driving or sitting for long periods combined with whole-body vibration stresses the lower back.
  • Sedentary lifestyle - Lack of exercise causes weakness and instability in the back, increasing the chance of disk injuries.

Also read:


While herniated disks sometimes occur suddenly, most develop gradually over time due to ageing, poor lifting habits, physically demanding jobs or genetic factors. If you experience back pain, numbness or sciatica, see your doctor to determine if a herniated disk is the cause.

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