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Treatment of Rheumatic Fever

Discover the comprehensive options available for managing this inflammatory disease and making informed decisions for a healthier future.

  • 11 Jan 2024
  • 3 min read

Rheumatic fever is a type of inflammatory disease that can occur after a streptococcus bacteria infection like scarlet fever or strep throat. It’s very important to treat this disease properly as this condition can lead to long-term damage to the heart. In this article, we’ll explore the common approaches used for acute rheumatic fever treatment.

What are the Treatment of Rheumatic Fever?

Listed below are the main forms of acute rheumatic fever treatment:


  • Antibiotics - Penicillin is usually prescribed to kill the underlying strep bacteria infection. A full course is usually prescribed, and then another round may be given to prevent rheumatic fever from recurring. 
  • Anti-inflammatory medications - Drugs like aspirin or naproxen are used to reduce inflammation, fever, and pain associated with rheumatic fever. Corticosteroids may be prescribed if symptoms are severe. Children should not take aspirin unless specifically prescribed by a doctor.
  • Antiseizure medications - Medicines like valproic acid or carbamazepine can treat severe involuntary movements caused by Sydenham's chorea, a complication of rheumatic fever.
  • Lifestyle remedies - Bed rest is often recommended to recover from a rheumatic fever flare-up. There may be restrictions on physical activity to prevent stress on the heart until symptoms improve.
  • Surgery - Rheumatic heart disease treatment (for damaged heart valves caused due to rheumatic fever) may require surgical procedures like a valve replacement.

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Comprehensive rheumatic fever treatment and monitoring can help manage symptoms and prevent recurrence. Rheumatic fever requires prompt antibiotic treatment to eradicate the underlying strep infection as well as anti-inflammatory medications. Lifestyle changes like rest and activity restrictions are also important during acute flare-ups. 

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