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All you need to know about Coronavirus: Variants, Symptoms, and Treatment

Cough, fever, runny nose and headache are the common symptoms of coronavirus, which has no specific treatment.

  • 17 Mar 2020
  • 3 min read

Coronavirus — that started from China — has spread thick and fast across countries, has the world cornered. So far, 6000 [1] have lost their lives due to the disease, and the number of infected cases is only growing. Now declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO), COVID-19 has sent individuals, governments and markets into a tizzy.

With the virus forcing lock-downs in several nations, Italy, for instance, health authorities and governments across the globe are leaving no stone unturned to curb its spread. Considering the severity of the situation, it will require a concerted effort by the global community to tackle and contain further transmission of the coronavirus.

Here are its symptoms, variants and treatment; that can help you tackle it effectively. Let’s get started:


Coronavirus variants

Coronavirus gets its name from the presence of crown-like projections on its surface. In Latin, the word Corona means ‘halo’ or ‘crown’. There are four different subgroupings of coronavirus – alpha, beta, delta and gamma.

The common human coronaviruses are:

  • HCoV-229E
  • HCoV-NL63
  • HCoV-OC43
  • HCoV-HKU1
  • MERS-CoV
  • SARS-CoV
  • SARS-CoV2

229E, NL63, OC43, and HKU1 are the most common coronaviruses affecting people. Coronaviruses such as SARS and MERS, which infect animals, can also make people sick. The cause of the present pandemic is COVID-19.


Coronavirus symptoms

The symptoms of coronavirus are like that of cold and flu. The symptoms set in after 2-4 days of infection, and are generally mild. The symptoms include:

  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Runny nose
  • Headache
  • Shortness of breath

Also, note that the coronavirus symptoms may vary from people to people and in severe cases, it may lead to an illness, which can prove fatal.


Coronavirus treatment


Precaution is better than cure

There’s no specific vaccine or treatment for coronavirus. However, you can take the precautionary measures mentioned below to ensure your safety:

  • Wash your hands regularly with soap or sanitiser and avoid touching your mouth and eyes.
  • Don’t rub contaminated hands on mouth and eyes as this increases the chances of transmission of the virus.
  • You must use tissue or handkerchief while sneezing and maintain a distance of at least a meter from individuals sneezing and coughing.
  • Avoid large gatherings as it increases the chances of getting infected.
  • Avoid travelling to areas that are battling the threat of coronavirus.

It’s in your interest to follow the advisory issued by the local health authorities and the Government to stay safe.

If any of your friends and relatives have recently come back from an international trip, it’s best to restrict personal visits. In case you are experiencing the symptoms mentioned above, it’s essential to seek medical attention at the earliest. At the same time, if you are travelling to the workplace or otherwise, make sure to use masks.

Also, if anyone you know has contacted coronavirus, avoid all visits with the person unless he/she has completely recovered. It’s important to note that post coronavirus outbreak, a lot of rumours are doing the rounds, particularly regarding its treatment. However, you must not give in to them and follow advice strictly issued by the Government and the health authorities.

Also read:

Tests for coronavirus

The different types of coronavirus tests are:

  • Swab test: Here a special swab is used to take a sample from throat or nose
  • Nasal aspirate: A saline solution is injected, and the sample is taken with the help of a light suction
  • Tracheal aspirate:For this test, a thin tube with a torch is put into your mouth to lungs from where the sample is collected
  • Sputum test: Sputum refers to the thick mucus that gets accumulated in the lungs and comes out with the cough. In this test, you are required to cough sputum in a special cup and the same is tested
  • Blood test

In case you are found positive for coronavirus, you will be kept in insolation until complete recovery. Once you recover, you will be sent home.


To sum up

Coronavirus is undoubtedly one of the biggest health scares of recent times. Affecting human resources, it has a direct impact on organizational competitiveness and the economy as a whole. Precaution is the best way to counter the threat of coronavirus, and we must all step up together to fight the menace.

Spreading the word of caution and adopting the measures mentioned above will go a long way in mitigating the risk of coronavirus. Also, check with your insurer whether pandemics are covered under your health policy or not. In case you need to undergo hospitalisation, a health insurance would cover for the expenses incurred, considering the disease doesn’t fall into the bracket of pre-existing ailments.

All in all, stay safe, be vigilant!


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