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Anaphylaxis Treatment: What You Can Do?

Discover the importance of rapid response in anaphylaxis treatment. Learn about adrenaline injections, oxygen therapy, and medications to manage symptoms effectively and prevent future reactions.

  • 14 Feb 2024
  • min read

Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that can come on quickly and be fatal if not treated promptly. Thankfully, several emergency anaphylaxis treatments exist, and they can help. Being prepared to act fast and get to the hospital is critical, as knowing the emergency care options makes all the difference in effectively treating this sudden and potentially fatal reaction. Recognising symptoms early and seeking immediate help gives patients the best chance of survival.

What are the treatments for Anaphylaxis?

The most important and effective anaphylaxis treatment is adrenaline given by an injection or through an intravenous (IV) line. Adrenaline acts quickly to reverse the dangerous symptoms caused by the body’s severe allergic response. Other common emergency treatments include:

  • Oxygen to help breathing difficulties that may develop
  • IV fluids to maintain healthy blood pressure levels
  • Antihistamines or steroid medications to further reduce allergic response

Upon arrival at the emergency room, these medications will be administered right away as the medical team continually monitors the patient’s breathing, heart rate, blood pressure, and oxygen levels. Most patients remain in the hospital for 2 to 12 hours, sometimes longer if symptoms are severe.

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Anaphylaxis can progress dangerously fast, so seeking emergency medical care is vital whenever symptoms develop after exposure to an allergen. Appropriate use of adrenaline, oxygen, fluids and other medications improves outcomes. Before being discharged, patients are also given auto-injector prescriptions and referrals to allergists to help prevent and manage future reactions. Being prepared to act fast and understand the available emergency treatments makes all the difference in effectively controlling this potentially life-threatening allergic response.

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