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Causes of Eclampsia

Explore the intricate causes of eclampsia, unraveling the complex factors that contribute to this potentially dangerous condition during pregnancy.

  • 21 Nov 2023
  • 3 min read

Eclampsia is a serious outcome of preeclampsia, a hypertension disorder that emerges during pregnancy. Eclampsia, the development of seizures as a result of elevated blood pressure, is a rare but very serious condition. Pre-eclampsia causes brain activity to be disturbed, causing seizures, episodes of staring, and a loss of attention. It is essential to attend prenatal checkups. These examinations aid in the monitoring of blood pressure and other parameters, allowing early identification of any abnormality and timely medical intervention to protect the health of both the mother and the unborn child. To manage the risks of eclampsia during pregnancy, awareness and prompt treatment are essential.


How is eclampsia caused?

The main cause of eclampsia is preeclampsia. Considerable increases in blood pressure during pregnancy put pressure on the blood vessels and cause them to bulge in some portions. This damage may impede blood flow. The aberrant blood flow can interfere with the brain's normal function, leading to the development of seizures.

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Risk factors for eclampsia

There are several risk factors for eclampsia, a dangerous illness that can occur during pregnancy, including:

  • Prior Preeclampsia: If you have previously experienced preeclampsia, you are more likely to develop eclampsia.
  • Family history of preeclampsia or eclampsia
  • High Blood Pressure: The risk is increased by chronic high blood pressure.
  • Eclampsia risk can increase if a person is younger than 17 or older than 35.
  • Being pregnant with more than one baby increases the eclampsia risk
  • First Pregnancy: Eclampsia risk may be higher in first-time pregnancies
  • Underlying health conditions like kidney diseases, diabetes, etc., that impact blood vessels can all increase the risk.
  • Genetics: It is seen that pregnant ladies who have first-degree relatives with preeclampsia are at an increased risk of developing eclampsia by five times.
  • A diet consisting of excess sugar, salt, and fat is associated with eclampsia risk.



In conclusion, preeclampsia, a condition that can develop during pregnancy, is a major factor that can lead to eclampsia. The early detection and management of these disorders depend heavily on routine prenatal exams. These examinations allow medical professionals to keep an eye on blood pressure, sugar, and many other factors, enabling prompt intervention to safeguard the health of both the expectant mother and the unborn child. The medical community can help ensure safer pregnancies and healthier results for both mother and child by proactively addressing the concerns.

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