Close ILTakeCare Suggestion
IL TakeCare app – For all your insurance & wellness needs

Policy purchase, claims, renewal & more


Causes of Hypertension

Unlock the mysteries of hypertension by exploring its underlying causes, risk factors, and potential solutions in this insightful article.

  • 06 Oct 2023
  • 3 min read

Hypertension is also referred to as elevated blood pressure. It is a persistent condition characterised by increased pressure within the blood vessels. The heart continually pumps blood throughout our bodies via the blood vessels. Blood pressure results from the force of blood pushing against the artery walls as it is propelled by the heart. When blood pressure is elevated, the heart must work harder. By knowing the causes of hypertension, it is easier to get timely medical intervention.


How is Hypertension Caused?

The following are some of the popular factors that may contribute to the causes of hypertension development:

  • Smoking
  • Excess body weight or obesity
  • Insufficient physical activity
  • An excessive intake of dietary salt
  • Insufficient intake of nutrients like potassium and magnesium
  • Overindulgence in alcohol
  • Prolonged stress
  • Advancing age
  • Genetic predisposition
  • A family history marked by high blood pressure
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Disorders affecting the adrenal and thyroid glands
  • Sleep apnea

Also read:

When a specific, identifiable cause lies behind high blood pressure, it is termed secondary hypertension. Listed below are some of the causes:

  • Among the recognised causes of secondary hypertension, kidney disease stands as the most prevalent.
  • Moreover, hypertension can be incited by tumors or irregularities that stimulate the adrenal glands, situated atop the kidneys, to produce excessive quantities of blood pressure-elevating hormones.
  • Certain contraceptives, particularly those containing estrogen, and pregnancy itself can provoke an increase in blood pressure.
  • Medications designed to constrict blood vessels may also lead to heightened blood pressure.

If you do have high blood pressure, make sure you follow your doctor's instructions on management, and ensure you monitor your blood pressure regularly.



Hypertension is characterised by elevated blood pressure. Causes of hypertension include various factors including lifestyle choices, genetics, and underlying health conditions. Smoking, obesity, inactivity, high salt intake, and stress contribute to hypertension development. Secondary hypertension may stem from kidney issues, hormonal imbalances, or medications. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and addressing risk factors are key in managing and preventing hypertension, safeguarding cardiovascular health. Also, ensure that you have a health insurance plan in place to safeguard yourself against any financial stress. 

Disclaimer: The above blog aims to provide general information about health and related topics. Any information provided in this blog, website or in any linked materials is not intended and should not be considered, or used as a substitute for any medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It is important that you contact your Doctor before starting a new medicine or health regime.

  • Looking for tailored advice?

    Schedule a call with our insurance advisors

  • OR
  • Call us:

    1800 2666
Please enter valid name
Please enter a valid mobile number
Please select the Category

Subscribe to our newsletter

Understand insurance better by reading our helpful guides, articles, blogs and other information.

Please enter valid name
Please enter valid Email

Error message here