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Causes of Liver Cancer

Explore the intricate web of factors contributing to liver cancer as we uncover its causes, risk factors, and potential prevention strategies in this comprehensive article.

  • 12 Oct 2023
  • 4 min read

Liver cancer is an often misunderstood and overlooked type of cancer that can have far-reaching impacts on a person’s health. Several risk factors, including genetics, lifestyle choices, and medical conditions, cause this devastating disease. To help further understand what causes liver cancer and how to reduce its likelihood of occurrence in individuals, we will take a look at the various risks associated with liver cancer development in this article. Ultimately, through understanding the key causes of liver cancer and taking charge of our health choices, we can work towards reducing the number of lives affected by this disease each year.


How is Liver Cancer Caused?

So, what are the causes of liver cancer? Liver cancer arises when the DNA of liver cells experiences mutations, leading to a cascade of changes within the body. DNA serves as the blueprint for vital chemical processes, dictating the functioning of every cell. Altered DNA instructions can disrupt the balance, giving rise to uncontrolled cell growth and the formation of cancerous masses known as tumours.


Although certain cases of liver cancer can be traced back to chronic hepatitis infections, there are instances where the cause remains elusive. Unravelling the intricate puzzle of this disease is key to understanding its origins in individuals without underlying health conditions.


The following are some of the common risk factors that cause liver cancer.


Factors that increase your risk of liver cancer are:

  1. Chronic HBV or HCV infection: Hepatitis B or C viruses can significantly raise your chances of developing liver cancer.
  2. Cirrhosis: This irreversible liver condition, characterised by the formation of scar tissue, increases the likelihood of liver cancer.
  3. Certain inherited liver diseases: Hemochromatosis and Wilson's disease are examples of liver diseases that can heighten the risk of liver cancer.
  4. Diabetes: Individuals with diabetes have a higher susceptibility to liver cancer.
  5. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: The accumulation of fat in the liver can increase the risk of liver cancer.
  6. Exposure to aflatoxins: Aflatoxins, poisonous substances produced by certain moulds, can contaminate improperly stored crops like grains and nuts, leading to an increased risk of liver cancer if consumed.
  7. Excessive alcohol consumption: Drinking more than a moderate amount of alcohol daily for an extended period can cause irreversible liver damage and raise the risk of liver cancer.

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Liver cancer can arise from various factors, making prognosis and treatment diverse. Key causes of liver cancer include chronic hepatitis B or C infections. Additionally, factors like fatty liver disease, genetic disorders, diabetes, excessive alcohol, obesity, smoking, and chemical exposure heighten risk. Understanding the causes is crucial for timely medical intervention, highlighting the importance of addressing both primary risk factors and secondary contributors to liver cancer development. Also, ensure that you have a health insurance plan in place to safeguard yourself against any financial stress.

Disclaimer: The above blog aims to provide general information about health and related topics. Any information provided in this blog, website or in any linked materials is not intended and should not be considered, or used as a substitute for any medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It is important that you contact your Doctor before starting a new medicine or health regime.

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