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Causes of Throat Cancer

Delve into the world of throat cancer as we explore its underlying causes, risk factors, and potential preventive measures in this informative article.

  • 12 Oct 2023
  • 4 min read

Throat cancer refers to cancer that occurs in different parts of the throat and includes cancer of the larynx (voice box), pharynx, and sometimes thyroid gland. this cancer can be a life-threatening disease, and it's important to understand the causes of this illness. Unfortunately, throat cancer is not as widely debated and discussed as other types of cancers - such as breast and prostate - so many people aren't aware of the risk factors connected to it. In this article, we examine some common causes of throat cancer that everyone should be aware of in order to take proactive steps towards better prevention or screening methods.


How is Throat Cancer Caused?

There are a wide range of causes of throat cancer. The common reasons and risks for throat cancer occurrence are below mentioned:

  • Oral HPV infection – Infection with the human papillomavirus enhances the chances of developing throat cancer. Particularly, the individuals infected with HPV type 16 have shown a propensity towards throat cancer incidence.
  • Genetic mutations: A certain mutation or change in the genetic material of the throat cells allows them to overgrow. Such genetic changes could be acquired or passed from parents to offspring, making them prone to cancer.
  • Family history – People who have a family history or personal history of any form of head and neck cancer are prone to develop throat cancer.
  • Chewing betel quid – Chewing betel quid that includes betel leaves, areca nut, and many stimulants has been documented as one of the major throat cancer reasons. This is common in many Asian countries, correlating with higher throat cancer incidences for these reasons.
  • Tobacco products – Consistent consumption of tobacco products in any form, like smoking cigarettes, cigars, pipes, chewing tobacco, or even sniffing tobacco products, have been linked to throat cancer incidence.
  • Alcohol consumption – Regular and heavy alcohol use has been found to be associated with a higher incidence of certain head and neck cancer,s including throat cancer. Research studies have shown that even moderate drinkers have 1.8-fold higher risks of pharyngeal cancers and 1.4-fold higher risks of laryngeal cancer (voice box) cancers than non-drinkers.
  • Poor diet – A diet without sufficient fruits and vegetables is also a reason behind the increased risk of throat cancer.
  • EBV infection – Infection with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which is a gamma human herpes virus type 4, can also increase the risk of throat cancer incidence.

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People should take steps to protect themselves from the risks associated with certain causes of throat cancer. It is important to limit the amount of alcohol and tobacco consumption,, eat a balanced diet and exercise regularly. Sticking to these precautions can help keep a person healthy and free from developing throat cancer. Regular doctor visits can also help identify any potential concerns early and make sure that symptoms are addressed quickly. Also, ensure that you have a health insurance plan in place to safeguard yourself against any financial stress.

Disclaimer: The above blog aims to provide general information about health and related topics. Any information provided in this blog, website or in any linked materials is not intended and should not be considered, or used as a substitute for any medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It is important that you contact your Doctor before starting a new medicine or health regime.


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