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Causes of Trichomoniasis

The article will delve into the causes and complications of Trichomoniasis that you should be aware of.

  • 11 Oct 2023
  • 2 min read

Trichomoniasis is a parasite-borne sexually transmitted infection. Both men and women can become infected with this parasite. In women, it causes symptoms such as discharge with a foul smell, painful urination, discomfort in the lower abdomen, and itching or redness in the genital area. In males, trichomoniasis usually doesn't manifest any symptoms. But if symptoms are present, then they may include irritation or itching, discharge from the penis, and a burning sensation after ejaculation or urination. In this article, we explore the causes of trichomoniasis.

How is Trichomoniasis Caused?

Trichomoniasis is caused by an organism known as Trichomonas vaginalis. In females, this parasite mainly affects the vulva, vagina, cervix, and urethra. In males, it typically targets the urethra. In some cases, it can also infect the tip of the penis as well as the prostate gland. It is important to note that both men and women can contract and transmit this infection, making it a potential risk for anyone who engages in sexual activity. Trichomoniasis can be transmitted through the following modes:

Sexual Transmission

The most prevalent mode of transmission of trichomoniasis is through sexual contact. The parasite can be transmitted from an infected partner to a healthy partner during:

  • Vaginal intercourse
  • Anal sex
  • Oral sex
  • Skin-to-skin genital contact.

By having multiple sexual partners

An infected person who has multiple sexual partners is more likely to transmit trichomoniasis. However, it is important to note that anyone who is sexually active can potentially contract and transmit the infection.

By not using a condom

Condoms act as a barrier to prevent contact with the parasite, and their use can be an effective way to prevent trichomoniasis. Therefore, failing to use condoms consistently during sexual activity is a major risk factor for the transmission of trichomoniasis.



To conclude, trichomoniasis is a disease mainly caused by a parasite called Trichomonas vaginalis. This parasite can be transmitted through sexual activities like vaginal, anal, and oral sex, as well as by sharing unhygienic sex toys. Asymptomatic people can also pass on the infection. Therefore, using condoms for sexual activity, getting regular tests and having sexual health education are some crucial factors to prevent and manage trichomoniasis.

The above blog aims to provide general information about health and related topics. Any information provided in this blog, website or in any linked materials is not intended and should not be considered, or used as a substitute for any medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It is important that you contact your Doctor before starting a new medicine or health regime.

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