Close ILTakeCare Suggestion
IL TakeCare app – For all your insurance & wellness needs

Policy purchase, claims, renewal & more


How is Polio Diagnosed?

This blog explores the symptoms and diagnosis of polio, highlighting clinical evaluation, lab testing, and imaging techniques. While there's no definitive cure, treatment options like physical therapy and pain management can help manage the condition.

  • 12 Feb 2024
  • 2 min read

Poliomyelitis, commonly known as polio, is a frightening disease that has a lasting impact on people worldwide. Over the years, many efforts have aimed to combat polio cases, but accurate and timely diagnosis remains crucial for properly treating this critical disease.

This blog delves into the intricacies of polio diagnosis, emphasising symptoms and the multiple methods healthcare professionals employ to identify and manage this illness.

Symptoms of Polio

Polio often surfaces with symptoms that may initially resonate with those of common viral infections, such as:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • Sore throat

While these viral-like symptoms are more often than not the byproduct of a virus called Poliovirus, here are the severe signs that may pose a hint towards the disease:

  • Neck pain
  • Severe headache
  • Pain in arms and legs
  • Weakness in muscles

Diagnosis of Polio

The symptoms mentioned above, whether mild or severe, assist healthcare professionals in recognising the condition. The diagnosis of polio may include the following steps:

  • Healthcare professionals perform a clinical evaluation to carefully observe symptoms like muscle weakness, paralysis and other neurological signs distinguishing polio from other illnesses.
  • The diagnosis procedure then moves to lab testing, wherein stool samples are examined for the presence of the Poliovirus, providing a distinctive confirmation. Throat swabs and cerebrospinal fluid analysis also contribute to a comprehensive diagnostic picture.
  • In more severe cases, such as paralysis, healthcare providers may employ advanced imaging techniques like Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). This allows healthcare professionals to visualise the impacted spinal cord and brain areas, confirming the diagnosis and assessing the extent of damage.

Treatment of Polio

While there is no definitive cure for this condition, diagnosing polio can initiate certain measures to assist in its treatment, often involving the use of:

  • Physical therapy. 
  • Proper rest.
  • Pain relievers.
  • Portable ventilators for breathing.
  • Splints for maintaining posture.
  • Hot, moist packs to help relieve the pain.

Also read:


The diagnosis and treatment of polio require a multidimensional approach involving clinical evaluation, laboratory analysis and supportive care. While continued research, polio vaccination efforts and global collaboration are essential to keeping a distance from the disease, having a comprehensive health insurance plan to lead to a smooth diagnosis and treatment process without worrying about monetary aspects is crucial. Above all, understanding the symptoms, diagnostic methods and treatment modalities can help us equip ourselves to navigate the severity of polio, ensuring a healthier future for generations to come.

  • Looking for tailored advice?

    Schedule a call with our insurance advisors

  • OR
  • Call us:

    1800 2666
Please enter valid name
Please enter a valid mobile number
Please select the Category

Subscribe to our newsletter

Understand insurance better by reading our helpful guides, articles, blogs and other information.

Please enter valid name
Please enter valid Email

Error message here