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How To Prevent Kidney Stones?

Discover proactive measures and lifestyle changes crucial for keeping kidney stones at bay in this comprehensive guide.

  • 15 Nov 2023
  • 3 min read

Want to prevent kidney stones? Let's break it down. Our kidneys work hard to keep our blood clean by filtering out waste and unwanted products through urine. But sometimes, kidney stones form for various reasons. One common type is calcium stones, and not drinking enough water is a major cause. When we don't hydrate enough, calcium or uric acid salts can concentrate and turn into stones. But fear not! Drinking plenty of water can easily dissolve these stones and flush them out with urine. Read on to learn more about how to prevent kidney stones.


Kidney stone prevention tips

It is estimated that about 10% of people can develop a kidney stone in their lifetime. The formation of stones in the kidney is on the rise worldwide; so it is important to be informed and know how to avoid kidney stones. The following are well-known ways to prevent kidney stone formation:

  • Intake of enough liquids: Drinking required water is essential to prevent kidney stones; but, other liquids such as juices, tea, coffee and soups also count. Make sure you do not take unwanted toxins along with liquid. Drinking enough water is known to prevent the formation of additional kidney stones if someone is already diagnosed with one.
  • Avoid soft drinks: Not all liquids have a positive impact on kidney stone formation. Certain soft drinks have unwanted chemicals like phosphoric acid that might increase the chances of kidney stone formation.
  • Change in diet: To minimize the risk of kidney stone formation, it is recommended to make specific changes to your diet. Most kidney stones are composed of calcium and oxalates, so it is advisable to limit the consumption of foods high in oxalates. Oxalates are which are naturally found in various fruits like rhubarbs and raspberries, and vegetables like spinach and beets. However, it is important to note that calcium intake should not be reduced or avoided altogether. In fact, doing so can actually increase the likelihood of developing kidney stones. Additionally, it is crucial to drink an adequate amount of water to flush out excess calcium and oxalate, preventing them from crystallizing.
  • Low purine diet for uric acid stones: Since uric acid stones are formed because of improper metabolism of purine, a low purine diet with limited intake of fish, meat and seafood is recommended.

Also read:

  • Use of medications: People who are at greater risk for developing kidney stones should take medicines to prevent it, following a doctor’s consultation. Risk factors include:
    • Family history: If kidney stone formation is a lineage in the family.
    • Medical condition: Certain medical conditions that affect the kidney, intestine, urinary tract, etc. can make a person more prone to kidney stones.
    • Parathyroid abnormality: Overactive parathyroid gland activity can make a person prone to kidney stones through abnormal calcium metabolism.
    • Urinary Tract Infection (UTI): Kidney stones can also be formed due to frequent UTIs.

    Now that you know about the different factors that can cause or aggravate kidney stones, be sure to follow the above-mentioned tips and stay healthy.

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