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Learn About The Different Types Of Hasta Mudras

Embark on a journey into the world of Hasta Mudras—dynamic hand gestures transforming yoga and meditation practices. Explore Gyan's wisdom, Vayu's airiness, Aakash's expansiveness, Shunya's balance, Prithvi's grounding, Surya's vitality, Varun's fluidity, and Garuda's harmony. Each hasta mudra unveils unique benefits, fostering holistic mind-body wellness. Dive into this ancient knowledge, embracing these hand gestures for a profound connection with your inner self and optimal well-being.

  • 22 Nov 2023
  • 3 min read
  • 1089 views

Hasta Mudras, also known as hand gestures, are an integral part of yoga as well as meditation practices. These gestures involve the positioning of fingers and palms in specific patterns, each holding a unique significance and effect on the mind and body. Hasta Mudra benefits are aplenty, as they channelise the flow of energy within the body. They also enhance the link between the physical and spiritual realms. Let’s look closely at some of these mudras and why you need to incorporate them in your yoga sessions.

 

 Types of hasta mudras and their benefits

 

Here are the different types of hasta mudra yoga postures along with their benefits:

 

  • Gyan mudra

 

The Gyan mudra is formed by joining the thumb’s tip with the tip of the index finger; the other three fingers remain extended. This mudra symbolises knowledge and wisdom. It is believed to improve concentration and memory, and stimulate the brain. Gyan mudra is often practised during meditation to enhance focus and clarity of thought.

 

  • Vayu mudra

 

The Vayu mudra is created by putting the thumb’s base and the index finger’s tip together, then lightly pressing the thumb. This mudra is connected to the element of air. Vayu mudra can help relieve excessive gas, bloating, and joint pain. It is also known to promote clear communication and reduce anxiety.

 

  • Aakash mudra

 

The Aakash mudra is formed by joining the middle finger’s tip with the thumb's tip, while the other three fingers remain extended. This mudra represents the space element and is associated with openness and expansion. Aakash Mudra promotes clarity of thought, improves creativity, and enhances spiritual connection. People practise Aakash mudra to alleviate feelings of heaviness and promote a sense of lightness.

 

  • Shunya mudra

 

The Shunya mudra is created by bending the middle finger and placing its tip at the thumb’s base, while the thumb gently presses the finger. This mudra balances the space element within the body and relieves ear-related issues such as tinnitus and vertigo. Shunya mudra is also said to improve focus, reduce mental stress, and enhance intuition.

 

  • Prithvi mudra

 

The Prithvi mudra is formed by joining the ring finger’s tip with the thumb’s tip, while the other fingers remain extended. This mudra represents the earth element and is associated with stability and grounding. Prithvi mudra boosts vitality, improves digestion, and strengthens the immune system.

 

  • Surya mudra

 

The Surya mudra is created by bending the ring finger and placing its tip at the thumb's base; the thumb presses on the finger gently. This mudra is associated with the fire element and increases body heat and metabolism. Surya mudra is said to improve digestion, boost energy levels, aid weight loss, enhance enthusiasm, and reduce fatigue.

 

  • Varun mudra

 

The Varun mudra is formed by joining the little finger’s tip with the thumb's tip, while the other fingers remain extended. This mudra represents the water element and is associated with fluidity and emotional balance. Varun mudra improves skin health, relieves dehydration, and regulates bodily fluids.

 

  • Garuda mudra

 

The Garuda mudra is created by crossing the fingers of both hands in such a way that they intertwine, with the left thumb placed over the right thumb. This mudra symbolises the mythical bird Garuda, balancing energy and promoting body harmony. Garuda mudra improves blood circulation, relieves joint pain, enhances flexibility, eliminates negative emotions, and promotes a sense of liberation.

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Conclusion

Each hasta mudra holds its own unique benefits, providing a holistic approach to both physical and mental well-being. We may draw on the age-old knowledge of hasta mudra yoga by adding these hand gestures into our everyday routines. If you’re a beginner, you may consult an expert and start under his/her guidance to achieve optimal results.

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