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Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Explore the common and distinctive symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) to gain a better understanding of this mental health condition.

  • 17 Oct 2023
  • 4 min read

Obsessive-compulsive disorder or OCD for short, is more than just a penchant for cleanliness or tidiness, it's a complex mental health condition that can significantly impact a person's daily life. Let’s explore the symptoms of obessive compulsive disorder helping you better understand this condition.


What are the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder?

OCD manifests through a variety of symptoms, and it is important to recognise them to seek proper help and support. Here are some key OCD symptoms:

  1. Compulsive behaviour: OCD often involves repetitive, ritualistic behaviours that individuals feel compelled to perform to elevate distressing thoughts. These behaviours include:
  • Cleaning and frequent hand washing to prevent contamination.
  • Constantly verifying that doors are locked, appliances are turned off or other safety-related concerns.
  • Repeatedly counting objects or actions, often without a clear reason.
  • Ordering and arranging in a specific way or a compulsion to keep them that way.
  • Collecting and refusing to discard items even when they have no practical value.
  • Seeking constant reassurance from others often about irrational fears.
  • Incessantly repeating words phrases or prayers in one’s mind.
  • Trying to counteract obsessive thoughts with other thoughts or actions.


  1. Intrusive obsessive thoughts: Individuals with OCD experience persistent unwanted and distressing thoughts or mental images. These thoughts are often irrational and can lead to intense anxiety. Examples include fear of harm coming to loved ones, concern about personal morality or disturbing thoughts about violence.


  1. Impairment in daily functioning: OCD symptoms can interfere with a person's stability to carry out everyday tasks, maintain relationships, or pursue their goals. The time and energy spent on compulsions and obsession can be overwhelming.


  1. Distress and anxiety: OCD is accompanied by significant emotional distress and anxiety. Individuals with OCD are well aware that their thoughts and behaviour are irrational but they struggle to control them.

Also read:


Living with obsessive-compulsive disorder is a challenging journey, but recognising the symptoms is the first step towards managing this condition. As mentioned, it's a complex mental health issue that requires understanding compassion and appropriate treatment. If you are someone you know is experiencing signs of OCD, remember that help is available. Therapy such as Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) and medication can be effective in managing OCD symptoms. Don't hesitate to seek guidance and support from mental health professionals. Also, ensure that you have a health insurance plan in place to safeguard yourself against any financial stress.


Disclaimer: the above blog aims to provide general information about health and related topics. Any information provided in this blog, website or in any linked materials is not intended and should not be considered, or used as a substitute for any medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. It is important that you contact your doctor before starting a new medicine or health regime.

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