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Electric Steering vs Hydraulic Steering

Dive into the comparison of hydraulic steering vs electric steering, unraveling the intricacies of each system. Explore their impact on driving experience and control for informed decision-making.

  • 29 Jan 2024
  • 3 min read


The debate between electric and hydraulic steering is a pivotal aspect of modern automotive technology. Electric power steering, utilising an electric motor, has revolutionised steering commands, while hydraulic power steering relies on pumps and pistons for the same purpose. The efficiency and precision of electric steering have marked it as a technological advancement. This comparison delves into the distinctions between hydraulic steering vs electric steering, unravelling the intricacies of each and exploring their impact on driving experience and control.

Difference between Hydraulic Steering and Electric Steering

Here is a list of things for hydraulic steering vs electric steering:

Hydraulic Power Steering Basics

Hydraulic power steering, a stalwart technology that has existed for over 50 years, operates through a system comprising a pump, cylinder, and valves managing hydraulic fluid. The pump, intricately tied to the engine speed, generates the necessary pressure for steering. An inherent engineering challenge involves balancing the system's responsiveness with the consistency of steering ratios. The cylinder, a critical component, applies force directly to the steering rack, turning the tires in response to wheel movements.

Electric Power Steering Basics

In contrast, electric power steering, with roots dating back to 1876 and gaining widespread popularity since the 1990s, predates hydraulic systems. This innovative approach relies on an electric motor integrated into the steering system. It communicates with the engine control unit by employing sensors, facilitating real-time adjustments to enhance steering. The result is consistent performance across diverse driving conditions, showcasing the adaptability and efficiency of electric power steering.

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The evolution from hydraulic to electric power steering marks a significant shift in automotive technology. Hydraulic systems, refined over decades, offer excellent performance at any speed, with precise control and responsiveness. On the other hand, electric power steering, a newer entrant, boasts reduced weight and fewer moving parts. Its adaptability to different driving conditions, coupled with advancements in sensor technology, positions electric steering as a contender for the future. Also, secure your vehicle with a suitable car insurance policy for unforeseen circumstances.

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