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Electric Steering vs Power Steering

Dive into the debate of electric steering vs power steering, unraveling differences in mechanisms, efficiency, and impact on vehicle control. Make an informed choice for an enhanced driving experience.

  • 29 Jan 2024
  • 2 min read

In the realm of innovation, a prolonged debate has been raging between power steering and cutting-edge electric steering systems. This article aims to shed light on electric steering vs power steering and their differences, including their mechanisms, efficiency, and impact on vehicle performance. The two systems play a vital role in enhancing driver control and overall driving experience. Let’s explore the intricacies of these two steering systems as they compete for dominance in vehicle control.

Differences between Power Steering and Electric Steering

Power Source

Power steering relies on hydraulic pressure generated by an engine-driven pump that uses a belt. The hydraulic fluid helps reduce the effort needed to turn the steering wheel.
Electric steering utilises an electric motor to assist with steering. This motor is directly connected to the steering gear and assists in moving the steering column.

Energy Efficiency

The power steering’s hydraulic pump operates continuously, consuming engine power even when assistance is not required, which can affect fuel efficiency.
Meanwhile, electric steering is generally more energy efficient because its electric motor operates only when assistance is needed for steering, thereby improving fuel efficiency.

Driver Experience and Control

Power steering provides a traditional steering feel, wherein the level of assistance adjusts based on your driving and your input on the steering wheel.
Electric steering allows for dynamic control since you can easily adjust the level of assistance depending on the driving conditions. Some electric steering systems even offer steering ratios to enhance responsiveness.

Maintenance and Complexity

Power steering involves components such as a pump, hoses, and fluid that may require occasional maintenance and checks.
Electric steering is generally simpler and requires less maintenance. There is no need to monitor fluid levels and the system also tends to be more durable.


With power steering, the hydraulic components add weight to your vehicle, whereas electric steering is generally lighter because it eliminates the need for a pump and reservoir.

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When comparing electric steering vs power steering, it's clear there's a growing shift towards electric steering. The efficiency, precision, and adaptability of electric steering make it a preferred option in modern vehicles. While traditional power steering systems have served vehicles well for years, advancements in electric steering technology show a future for responsive and energy-efficient steering systems. Hence, choosing between the two systems usually depends on factors such as the design of the vehicle, expected fuel efficiency, and the level of driving experience desired. Also, secure your vehicle with a suitable car insurance policy for unforeseen circumstances.

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