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Types of Power Steering

Discover the types of power steering systems, from Rack and Pinion to Electronic Power Steering. Understand the pros and cons to choose the right system for optimal vehicle control.

  • 29 Jan 2024
  • 3 min read

We all appreciate an easy ride—the motor's steady hum and the comfort of the steering wheel. If you've ever driven without power steering, you understand how important it is to a pleasurable journey. Robert E. Twyford of Pittsburgh invented the first power steering system in 1900, but it was in Cadillac's 1951 Chrysler Imperial that power steering became the norm in the United States.

Curious about the types of power steering? Let's dive right into the specifics.

What Are The Types Of Power Steering?

It is essential to know that several types of power steering systems are employed in vehicles, each designed to provide optimal control and manoeuvrability.

One common type is the Rack and Pinion steering system, widely used in modern cars. It consists of a rack, a linear gear, a pinion, and a circular gear connected to the steering wheel.

Another type is the recirculating ball steering system. This is commonly found in trucks and larger vehicles. It involves a worm gear that turns a sector gear, moving a series of balls to transmit motion.

A less common but notable system is the recirculating roller steering system. This system uses rollers instead of balls for smoother motion.

Additionally, some vehicles employ the Electronic Power Steering (EPS) system, where an electric motor assists in steering, offering varying levels of assistance.

Each steering system has advantages and drawbacks, influencing factors like vehicle size, intended use, and desired driving experience.

Also read:


The power steering system in your car is crucial to its operation, but it's a sensitive system that needs to be adequately maintained by a specialist. To ensure the fluid is correctly filled, you should check it frequently. You should also replace your filter once a year. Your steering system fluid may need to be changed or cleaned as needed. You can use car insurance to ensure timely maintenance of your vehicle without burning a hole in your pocket.

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