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Nepal Travel Guide

Embark on a captivating journey through the majestic landscapes and rich cultural heritage of Nepal with this comprehensive travel guide.

  • 12 Jul 2023
  • 5 min read

With its majestic Himalayan peaks, rich cultural heritage, and vibrant festivals, Nepal offers many tourist attractions. From ancient temples steeped in mythology to breathtaking mountain vistas, there is something for everyone in this beautiful country.

This blog is a detailed Nepal travel guide. We will help you with information on the Nepal tourist places, the best time to visit Nepal, how to reach Nepal from India, the visa process for Indian citizens, things to do in Nepal and essential items to pack for a trip to Nepal. Additionally, it provides details about the Indian Embassy in Nepal and the country's currency. Let us dive into every small and big detail that you should be well aware of before you head out for Nepal.

Top Places to Visit in Nepal

From thrilling trekking adventures to serene spiritual retreats, Nepal offers a diverse range of experiences that leave visitors in awe. Following are a few of the best places to visit in Nepal that you should not miss out on while being in Nepal -

Pashupatinath Temple

The history of Pashupatinath Temple is steeped in mythology and dates back to ancient times. The temple is in existence since 400 A.D. with the current structure dating back to the 17th century. It is adorned with 492 temples and is an important pilgrimage site for Hindus. The temple's proximity to a ritual cremation ground symbolises the Hindu belief that death is an integral part of life. Additionally, Pashupatinath Temple is one of the twelve Jyotirlingas, representing the places where Lord Shiva revealed himself as a pillar of light.

Janaki Temple

The Janaki Temple of Janakpurdham, Dhanusa district, in the Terai region of Nepal, is another prime Nepal tourist place. The temple exhibits the distinctive Koiri architectural style and features a mix of Mughal and Koiri domes. The temple has 60 rooms which are adorned with the Nepalese flag, while the main shrine houses scriptures of Goddess Sita, Lord Ram, and Laxman. The temple complex includes small shrines, beautiful lattice windows, turrets, and a front yard that leads to open space.

The temple attracts pilgrims from Nepal, India, Sri Lanka, and other countries, especially during the annual festival of Vivah Panchami, which celebrates the marriage of Lord Ram and Goddess Sita.

Mount Annapurna

Mount Annapurna I is one of the most famous places to visit in Nepal, especially amongst trekkers and mountaineers standing at 8,091 meters (26,545 ft), it is the tenth highest mountain globally. This is one of the top places to visit in Nepal; it encompasses numerous peaks exceeding 7,000 meters. Kali Gandaki Gorge to the west, the Marshyangdi River to the north and east, and the Pokhara Valley to the south, bounds this magnificent mountain. Within the massif lies the Annapurna Sanctuary, a high basin.

The mountain takes its name from Annapurna, the popularly known Hindu goddess of food and nourishment, and as per faiths and belief systems, the goddess resides there. Mountain Annapurna I lies on the border of the Myagdi and Kaski districts in the Gandaki province of Nepal, with neighbouring peaks such as Singu Chuli, Khangsar Khang West, and Varaha Shikhar.

Langtang National Park

Located in the central Himalayan region of Nepal, Langtang National Park spans an altitudinal range of 1,000 to 7,245 meters. As the closest Himalayan park to the capital city of Kathmandu, it lies approximately 30 kilometres north. It extends towards the Tibetan border, connecting with Qomolangma National Nature Preserve in the north.

Trisuli River

The Trisuli River, originating in the mountains of Tibet, flows parallel to the east-west Prithvi Highway between Kathmandu and Pokhara before merging with the Narayani River. It is a sought-after destination for white-water rafting, particularly the Charaudi to Mugling stretch, offering numerous riverside camps. The river can be easily accessed within a 3-hour drive from Kathmandu, attracting kayakers and rafters for exhilarating day trips. As it meanders through a forested valley with villages and farmland, the Trisuli River provides warm waters and enjoyable rapids without excessive intensity.

Things to Do in Nepal

With its wide range of scenic points, enriched with natural charm and several temples that can be the abode of meditation and calm exploration, there is a wide range of things to do in Nepal. Following are a few of the best things to do in Nepal.

  • Nepal offers a rich cultural exploration, and visiting Patan, the royal city, is a must. Known for its art and crafts tradition, the city boasts numerous monasteries, temples, and monuments. The palace complex in Patan, with its Durbar Square, showcases stunning architecture, including the revered Krishna Temple.
  • For breathtaking Himalayan views, Nagarkot is an ideal destination. Standing tall at 2,000 meters, it offers a stunning panorama of the mountains and the Kathmandu Valley. On clear days, Mount Everest one can easily see Mount Everest standing tall and mighty.
  • Nature lovers and adventure enthusiasts will find paradise in the Annapurna region. Trekkers from Pokhara can explore pine forests, holy sites, and crystal-clear lakes. The Annapurna Circuit and Ghorepani Poon Hill trail offer stunning scenery.
  • Bhaktapur provides a fantastic view of the Himalayas, along with well-preserved pagodas, palaces, and temples. The city hosts vibrant religious festivals like Holi, the Festival of Colors.
  • Chitwan National Park is a must-visit for wildlife enthusiasts, offering safaris to spot monkeys, antelopes, and rhinos. It also provides insight into the traditional Chepang community. Bardiya and Sagarmatha National Parks are also noteworthy.

Best Time to Visit Nepal

Typically, the best time to visit Nepal from India depends on personal preferences and the purpose of the visit. However, there are a few recommended seasons based on weather conditions and festivities.

The autumn season, from October to December, is considered Nepal's best time to visit. During this time, the rainy season has passed, and the weather is delightful, with temperatures ranging from 4 to 26 degrees Celsius. The clear skies and moderate temperatures make it ideal for outdoor activities like trekking, sightseeing and adventure sports like paragliding or bungee jumping. The visibility is also excellent, making transportation across mountainous terrains easier and reducing the risks of landslides. For nature enthusiasts, the months of March to May offer a unique experience. Spring brings a burst of colourful orchids, transforming the hills into a stunning display of nature. The weather during this time is mild, with overall temperatures ranging from 12 to 24 degrees Celsius. It's the best time to go to Nepal for nature walks, wildlife exploration, and photography.

Also read:

Nepal Visa Process for Indians

  • Indian passport holders can travel to Nepal without a visa.
  • Indian travellers must possess specific certifications issued by the Government of India or the Election Commission of India.
  • Required documents for entry into Nepal include a photo-identity proof issued by Central/State/UT authorities.
  • In case of an emergency, you can contact the Indian Embassy in Kathmandu to issue an Emergency Certificate for special entry.

Note that entry requirements vary based on age:

  • Individuals above 65 years or below 15 years must present photo-identity proof like a PAN card, driving license, or ration card.
  • Those between 15 and 18 years can enter Nepal using their Identity Certificate issued by their academic institution's principal.

Things to Pack for Your Nepal Trip

Given below is a list of things that you need to pack for your Nepal trip

  • Hiking boots or good running shoes for trekking and exploring
  • Flip-flops for hot weather and casual wear
  • Buff or bandana to filter out dust and ash
  • Sunglasses with UV filters for eye protection at higher altitudes
  • Expensive down jacket for warmth, wind jacket for cold and windy conditions
  • Multiple pairs of socks and underwear for hygiene and comfort
  • Thermal underlays and beanie for cold weather
  • Sleeping bag, beanie, and emergency blanket for trekking
  • Toiletries and medication (hand sanitiser, bandages, water sterilisation pens) for personal hygiene and health
  • Cash, reading material, music, and trail snacks for entertainment and sustenance
  • Reusable water bottle and trek map for navigation and hydration
  • Power banks, mobile phones, and camera equipment for communication and capturing memories.

Indian Embassy in Nepal

The Indian embassy in Nepal in Kathmandu represents the Republic of India in Nepal.

  • It plays a crucial role in fostering cultural connections between India and Nepal.
  • The Swami Vivekananda Cultural Centre, operated by the (ICCR) Indian Council for Cultural Relations, is a key initiative of the embassy.
  • The B. P. Koirala India-Nepal Foundation (BPKF) is affiliated with the embassy and facilitates cultural exchange.
  • Interestingly the Indian Embassy in Nepal manages the Nepal Bharat Library, previously known as Nepal-Bharat Sanskritik Kendra.

Currency of Nepal

  • The Nepalese rupee (NPR) is the official currency of Nepal, regulated by the Nepal Rastra Bank.
  • It was introduced in 1932, replacing the Nepalese mohar.
  • The commonly used symbols for the NPR are Rs and Rp.
  • The currency is available in coins and banknotes of various denominations.

Top Delicacies of Nepal

Nepal not only serves natural beauty and adventure opportunities; it also is a food hub. Given below are some of the top delicacies of Nepal that you must try -

  • Sel Roti: Crunchy and sweet rice flour bread, a must-try during festivals.
  • Everest Beer: Local Nepali beer made from rice, worth sampling.
  • Yomari: Sweet dish made of rice dough stuffed with a sweet taste, a festival delicacy.
  • Dhindho or Dhido: Thick porridge made from cornmeal or millet flour, enjoyed with various accompaniments.
  • Gundruk: Fermented leafy vegetable dish, a popular condiment.
  • Gorkhali Lamb: Slow-cooked curry with intense flavours, a favourite among Nepalese.
  • Choila: Spicy dish made with water buffalo meat, served with rice flakes.
  • Tongba: Millet-based warm alcoholic beverage, popular in Nepal.
  • Indian snacks: Pani Puri, Jalebi, and drinks like Lassi can be found in Nepal.

List of International Airports in Nepal

  • Because of the massive footfall that Nepal witnesses, the country has 43 airports.
  • However, Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu is Nepal's sole international airport.
  • A very popular airport is Luka Airport. located near Mount Everest and has become one of the busiest and most dangerous airports in the world. Despite its risks, it provides convenient access to Nepal's capital, Kathmandu.
  • Another airport is Biratnagar Airport. Established in 1958, it has been serving domestic travellers in Nepal. Situated at an altitude of 236 feet, it is known as one of the busiest airports in the country.
  • Pokhara Airport in Nepal began operating flights in 1958. Managed by the Civil Aviation Authority of Nepal, it is located near the Pokhara region. The airport's strategic location attracts a significant number of tourists.
  • Some other prominent airports are – Bharatpur Airport, Biratnagar Airport, Nepalgunj Airport, Jomsom Airport, Bajura Airport, and Gautam Buddha Airport

Why Do You Need Travel Insurance for Nepal

As of 2022, tourists visiting Nepal are required to have travel medical insurance that covers the duration of their trip.

  • It is recommended to have insurance that covers the entire trip and provides coverage for the specific activities planned during the visit.
  • Purchasing travel medical insurance before travelling to Nepal is crucial due to the increased risk of injury or illness in unfamiliar surroundings and engaging in new activities or consuming different cuisine.
  • In the event of illness or injury, having travel medical insurance ensures that necessary medical care can be received without facing exorbitant expenses.
  • With trip cancellation insurance, individuals can be reimbursed for these prepaid and nonrefundable expenses if the policy covers the cancellation. The coverage provided by trip cancellation insurance for Nepal varies depending on the plan purchased.
  • Travel insurance also provides coverage for unanticipated risks like loss of baggage, loss of important documents, baggage delay and likewise.
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