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What Is Insured Declared Value and How It’s Calculated During Car Insurance Renewal

A comprehensive motor insurance cover prevents your financial situation from getting severely affected in the event of your car getting involved in an accident.

  • 11 Nov 2018
  • 5 min read

A comprehensive motor insurance cover prevents your financial situation from getting severely affected in the event of your car getting involved in an accident. An accident can result in your car getting severely damaged or destroyed. There are also times when the car is damaged beyond repair and has to be declared a total loss.

When a car is declared a total loss or is stolen, then the motor insurance company pays the insured, the Insured Declared Value or IDV. In layman terms, IDV can also be called the current market value of your vehicle.

The Definition of IDV

IDV is the maximum amount that the insured can claim from the vehicle insurance company in the unfortunate event of his car being stolen or declared a total loss. The value is based on the manufacturer’s selling price and is arrived at by deducting the depreciation of the vehicle. Furthermore, the IDV is solely the value of the vehicle as well as the accessories fitted, and does not cover the cost of insurance or registration.

How Is It Calculated?

The vehicle insurance  company calculates the Insured Declared Value based on several data points. Most of these data points are found in the Registration Certificate of the vehicle. Information such as the city of registration, date of registration and type of registration can be found on this certificate; apart from other details of vehicle like the make, model, cubic capacity and ex-showroom price.

Percentage of Depreciation

As the age of the vehicle increases, the percentage of depreciation also increases. In fact, depreciation kicks in as soon as the vehicle leaves the showroom. The Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI) has stated that the maximum declared value of the vehicle cannot be more than 95% of its showroom price.

This means that depreciation takes away 5% from the showroom value of the vehicle, the minute it leaves the showroom, and this percentage stays till the vehicle is 6 months old. After that, the motor insurance company calculates the depreciation based on the following chart.

Age of the Vehicle
Applicable Depreciation on Showroom Price (in %)
Less than 6 Months 5%
6 Months - 1 Year 15%
1 Year - 2 Years 20%
2 Years - 3 Years 30%
3 Years - 4 Years 40%
4 Years - 5 Years 50%

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If the age of the vehicle exceeds 5 years, then depreciation is not factored into the calculations. The IDV is computed on the basis of a report prepared by a dealer or surveyor, which is mutually agreeable to the insured and insurer, depending on the condition of the vehicle.

Importance of Declaring Correct IDV

The insurance premium for Own Damage (OD) cover is directly proportional to the Insured Declared Value of the vehicle. In an effort to lower the premium amount, some people declare or accept a lower IDV. But this move can cost them when the time comes for filing a claim.

Declaring a lower value for IDV will lead to a lower claim amount, since IDV is the maximum amount that is payable by the vehicle insurance company in case the car is damaged beyond repair.

IDV and Car Insurance Renewal

IDV of a new vehicle is based on the selling price listed by the manufacturer for that particular model. But when it comes to renewal, the IDV is calculated with the current applicable depreciation in mind. The owner is also given a free hand to say what he thinks the IDV should be, however, the maximum limit that he can give will be dictated by the policies set by the insurer.

The Insured Declared Value is an integral factor in calculation of the vehicle insurance premium. The maximum IDV is obviously available only on a new car, and it decreases as the car gets progressively older. But, there are add-on covers offered by insurers that negate the effect of depreciation for a slight rise in premium.

The next time you purchase a car insurance policy, this cover is something that you can consider. Opting for this cover with your comprehensive vehicle insurance policy will not only ensure that any damages to your car is covered, but the full invoice value of the car is paid out in the event of a total loss.

Related Article:

Different Types of Car Insurance Coverage
How Does Car Insurance Premium Get Calculated?

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