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Insurance Article

First Aid Tips You Must Know This Festive Season

October 08 2016
First Aid Tips

Learn the right first aid tips

Data released by the Census directorate shows that nearly 27% of the total deaths in India occur due to lack of preliminary medical attention at the time of death. This makes first aid one of the most useful life skills to learn.

It is especially crucial to know how to administer first aid as the festive season that brings joy into our lives, also brings pollution, accidents and reckless driving in its wake.

Each year, Diwali sees a sharp rise in the number of accidents and health related emergencies in India. Some of the common events and the first aid tricks to tackle them are listed below:

First Aid Box Contents

  • Adhesive tape
  • Allergy medicine
  • Antibiotic ointment
  • Different sized bandages
  • Pain relievers like ibuprofen and acetaminophen
  • Scissors and tweezers

The first aid kit should be kept in a place which is not easily accessible to children. It should also be easy to locate in case of an emergency.

Minor Cut or Scrape

  • Wash your hands
  • Stop the bleeding: Put a gauze pad or a clean cloth on the wound and press it for a few minutes
  • Clean the wound: Once the bleeding stops, rinse the cut under cool water and a wet washcloth.
    • Remove any dirt or debris: Go gentle but make sure to clean the wound thoroughly.

Do not ignore the following:

  • Uncontrolled bleeding even after applying direct pressure
  • You cannot get the dirt out of the wound
  • Pus drains out from the cut
  • The cut is from a dirty or rusty object
  • The injury is from an animal or a human bite

Burns

Firecracker related injuries may cause severe burns, requiring immediate medical attention. The treatment for a burn is determined by its severity, size and location.

In case of a less severe burn:

  • Apply cool running water for 10 to 15 minutes
  • Cover them with a loose sterile bandage
  • Do not apply ice or ointment
  • Do not break blisters as they can cause infection

In case of severe burns, burns more than 3 inches that are located on feet, face, hands, groin, and major joints, the victim should be taken to the nearest hospital immediately.

Air Pollution

During Diwali, air pollution can rise to alarming levels, which can cause respiratory problems, permanent lung damage and lead to a stroke. Pollution of this magnitude is even more harmful than first-hand cigarette smoke. In fact, air pollution in India is estimated to kill 1.5 million people every year; it is the fifth largest killer in India.

  • Wear a protective mask when going out and restrict physical activity outdoors at peak times.
  • In case you find it difficult to breathe, get medical help immediately.

Maintain an Emergency Contact Sheet

  • Hospitals
  • Doctors
  • Pre-existing medical conditions
  • Allergies
  • Blood group
  • Health insurance plan
  • Health and Personal Accident policy details
  • List of family members to contact in an emergency

Heat Illness

We are more susceptible to heat strokes given our tropical climate. The warning signs include nausea, headache and dizziness, among others.

  • Stay hydrated if you are working in and around the house, running errands for the festivities in the mid-day heat.
  • Seek shade if you're outside and cool off by standing in front of a fan.
  • Drink plenty of water for the next 24 hours.
  • If the condition does not improve in 30 minutes, call a doctor.

Festivals can be an easy way to over-indulge or lose track of safety. It is essential to stay protected. ICICI Lombard Personal Protect is specifically designed to protect you and your family against such perils. Download the dedicated Insure app, available on Google Play and App store to know more.

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